Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi or Mahatma Gandhi (October 2, 189 – January 30) was one of India’s leading politicians, one of the pioneers of the Indian independence movement and an influential leader. He was the founder of the Satyagraha movement. Through this a people’s movement against dictatorship was declared. This movement was founded on the doctrine of non-violence and it was one of the driving forces of the Indian independence movement, one of the inspirations for the freedom and rights movement of people all over the world. history of India
Gandhi is known in India and around the world as Mahatma (Great Soul) and Bapu (Father). He has been officially declared the Father of the Indian Nation in his honor. His birthday on 2 October is celebrated in India as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday with due dignity. The United Nations General Assembly on June 15, 2006 declared October 2 as the International Day of Non-Violence. All member states of the United Nations agree to observe this day.
As an educated British lawyer, Gandhi was the first to apply the ideology of his non-violent peaceful civil movement to the rights of the oppressed Indian community in South Africa. On his return to India, he started a movement against discriminatory taxation and a wide range of inequalities, along with a few poor peasants and day laborers. After coming to power under the leadership of the Indian National Congress, Gandhi started campaigning all over India on various issues including poverty alleviation, women’s emancipation, establishment of brotherhood among different ethnic groups, elimination of caste inequality, economic prosperity of the nation. But all this was aimed at liberating Swaraj i.e. India from foreign rule. In 1930, Gandhi led a 400-kilometer (246-mile) Dundee salt parade to protest the Indian salt tax. In 1942, he started the Quit India Movement directly against the British rulers. He was imprisoned several times in South Africa and India for various reasons at different times.